tertiary consumers in hydrothermal vents

Feeling a strong sense of environmental responsibility, you decide to do your part to decrease the global loss of rain forests. Organisms that eat only producers are called primary consumers. Make a food chain with a producer and 3 consumers. Deep in the ocean off the shore of Japan are communities nestled around hydrothermal vents, where super-heated water springs from the bottom of the ocean. Secondary consumers are eaten by larger _____. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. It preys on smaller organisms, such as fish and crustaceans. Entropy is a measure of. Some examples of these type of bacteria are Methanopyrus kandleri, Pyrolobus fumarii, and Pyrodictium abyssi. Carnivores Tertiary Consumers - Considered top predators. Hydrothermal Vent. This fish isn't picky and will eat just about anything from tube worms to deep-sea mussels. They drift around on currents in the liquid rock mantle underneath. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Option 1) green algae. d. A woman gathers mushrooms from a forest to sell in the local produce market. Hydrothermal Vents Hydrothermal Vents. e. 1st law of thermodynamics states that. Each food chain ends with a ... energy, from the sun or hydrothermal vent to a top predator. The top predator is the deep-sea octopus. Secondary consumers 10. So far, several dozen vent fields have been discovered. The producers of the hydrothermal vent ecosystem are chemosynthetic bacteria. Create your account, Already registered? SURVEY . At the bottom level are organisms called producers, which are organisms that make their own food. c. Introduced species that change ecosystems. Chang N-N, Lin L-H, Tu T-H, Jeng M-S, Chikaraishi Y, Wang P-L (2018) Trophic structure and energy flow in a shallow-water hydrothermal vent: Insights from a stable isotope approach. An ecosystem is a community where organisms interact and live in a physical environment. The World is made up of different little worlds; called the ecosystems. Select a subject to preview related courses: Some primary consumers don't directly eat the chemosynthetic bacteria, but rather live with them in a mutualistic symbiotic relationship. These smokers provide warmth and nutrients for specialized organisms that make a home here. Sometimes the water coming from these vents is so rich in nutrients it almost appears black or white, similar to smoke. d. K-selected species are more vulnerable to extinction than r-selected species. As the energy flows from organism to organism, energy is lost at each step. c. there is no photosynthesis, but heat drives chemosynthetic producers. Not a bad arrangement! This food chain represents a. c. second order consumer eating a first order consumer, which then eats a producer. energy cannot be created nor destroyed. In general, most ecosystems in the world have, In general, the optimal population for harvesting. You might be picturing heading home to your house or apartment and getting cozy on the couch. Which type of tenure is most likely associated with fishing in the open ocean. Primitive pumps that maintained the internal environment of primitive proto-cells may have allowed the earliest life forms to leave deep-sea hydrothermal vents for Earth's early oceans. As the energy flows from organism to organism, energy is lost at each step. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. 30 seconds . This option is correct. After the cattle had been removed, shrubs and bushes could be seen dotting the grass-covered hillsides. Secondary consumers include small fish, such as the zoarcid fish. They are usually found at least a mile deep long the mid-ocean ridges. Q. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Tertiary consumers eat secondary consumers. Tertiary 12. Another word for producers is autotrophs. We'll talk about what animals make a home here and the adaptations that allow them to survive. Next, let's look at some of the organisms that inhabit the hydrothermal vent ecosystem. Secondary Tertiary Primary This is a food chain that occurs in hydrothermal vents Tubeworms are primary consumers. Use the following information to answer the two questions (2 and 3) below. These have chemosynthetic mode of nutrition. This option is incorrect Option 3) blue-green algae. Tertiary or top-level consumers feed on the first order carnivores and include larger crabs, octopus and fishes. Quiz & Worksheet - Hydrothermal Vent Ecosystems, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Ocean Basins: Definition, Formation, Features & Types, Oceanic Ridge System: Formation & Distribution, Biological and Biomedical Which of the following represent ecosystems with high average annual net primary productivity? The food web shows the flow of energy through a sagebrush … But for some deep-sea creatures, home is in the deepest, darkest parts of the ocean where super-heated water from the liquid mantel of the Earth can reach up to 752 degrees Fahrenheit. physical laws state that we can recycle. Second-order consumers feed on the first-order, these include smaller crabs and fish. Which one of the following best illustrates consumptive use of a resource? Therefore, overall, the ecosystem capital in this particular region has. All rights reserved. c. second order consumer eating a first order consumer, which then eats a producer. just create an account. Define herbivore. After all, there's nothing to see in the pitch black of the hydrothermal vent anyway. Unlike primary consumers, tertiary consumers gain only a few percentages of energy from food. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Which of the following organisms has the least instrumental value to humans? She has taught high school Biology and Physics for 8 years. Which one of the following least represents ecosystem capital? Considerable efforts have been underway to save the California condor from extinction. Hydrothermal Vent Food Web. Over the past 12,000 years, the greatest loss of biological wealth has resulted from the. The tertiary consumers are eaten by quaternary consumers-- an example is a hawk that eats owls. Each food chain end with a top predator, and animal with no natural enemies. Tertiary Consumer Qaternary Consumer Grassland Biome grass grasshopper rot snake hawk Pond Biome tae mosquito larva dragonfly larva fish raccoon Ocean Biome phytoplankton zooplankton fish seal white shark Next come organisms that eat the autotrophs; these organisms are called herbivores or primary consumers an example is a rabbit that eats grass. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Amanda holds a Masters in Science from Tufts Medical School in Cellular and Molecular Physiology. Each food chain ends with a top predator and animal with no natural enemies(like an alligator, hawk, or polar bear). Active hydrothermal vents are small-scale habitats hosting endemic fauna in a well-defined zonation around fluid effluents. They, in turn, are consumed by larger animals such as snails, clams, oysters and tubeworms. These are. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | These bacteria take energy from chemicals coming from the Earth’s interior and use it to make sugars. AOM is found to be prevalent in marine sediments at hydrothermal vents and may be responsible for consuming 75% of methane produced by the vent. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} c. redirect much of the water flow southward. These enormous worms grow over six feet in length and house the chemosynthetic bacteria in their tissues. The hydrothermal vent food web below has four layers: Primary producers are the original source of food in the vent ecosystem, using chemical energy to create organic molecules. d. tertiary consumer eating a secondary consumer, which eats a primary consumer. When some of these physical environments are harsh then the organisms have to struggle to survive in it. 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You can test out of the Secondary consumers are eaten by larger predators. b. energy is transferred in the form of heat between trophic levels. The main tertiary consumer in the deep-sea ecosystem is the deep-sea octopus. courses that prepare you to earn A network of many food chains is called a food web. Journal source. Log in here for access. chemosynthetic bacteria and amphipods. b. are essential but more difficult to value in monetary terms. Now, there are so many trees and shaded regions it is difficult to tell that this was once a field. This is where hydrothermal vents form. a. it is more expensive and less efficient to get most of your dietary calories from meats. Many Thailand shrimp farms have been built in mangrove wetlands. Although there isn't as much biodiversity at such depths as at others, some secondary consumers still hang around. A hydrothermal vent is a fissure on the seafloor from which geothermally heated water discharges. The cultural and aesthetic value of a forest to indigenous people represents its, The location of the world's major forest biomes is in areas where the climate, The total allowable catch of a marine fish used for human food would be determined by calculating the, When completed, the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan will. c. occurs without oxygen and may produce methane gas or ethanol. matter, but not energy. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Services. Other producers include bacteria living around deep-sea vents. The Archaea, the first evolutionary group of organisms on our planet (Bult et al., 1996) form the basis of the ecosystem. At the sea floor, it is often incredibly dark, cold, and devoid of nutrients that tend to stay near the upper levels of the ocean. Teacher’s notes. The primary consumers that rely on these chemosynthetic bacteria include snails, clams, mussels, crabs, and shrimp. These are The application of the precautionary principle to the eastern Pacific Halibut fishery results in. Food Web Notes: Food Web - the connection between organisms in an ecosystem Primary Producers - Creates energy from the "sun" Primary Consumers - Eats primary producers. zooplankton and mussels. Hydrothermal vent structures are characterized by different physical and chemical factors, including the minerals, temperatures, and flow levels of their plumes. A form of a biome is largely predicted by its. The vents range in diameter from less than an inch to mare than six feet. This option is incorrect. These organisms use the chemicals produced by the hydrothermal vents to make food for themselves in a similar way to how plants use sunlight to make food for themselves. c. organisms naturally produce many more offspring than are needed to maintain their populations. _____ consumers eat secondary consumers. Before water regulation of any sort, demand for water in all its forms in the state of Arizona illustrated the, Many ecosystems are damaged by attempts to make a quick profit because. These vents are home to chemosynthetic bacteria, which support a range of primary consumers, including crabs, tube worms, shrimp, and mussels. Tectonic plates are sections of the Earth's crust, called the lithosphere. Which of the following represents a resilience mechanism? The greatest biodiversity would be an ecosystem with the same number of species as other ecosystems but which has. Herbivores Secondary Consumers - Eats primary consumers. These are Tertiary consumers.These are hunted by crabs, starfish, Hydrothermal Vent Eelpout fish, and Eels. An organism that eats primary producers/autotrophs. Part of a hydrothermal vent food web is represented in the diagram. d. decreased because the value of the shrimp farm is less than 10% of the value of services provided by the intact mangrove wetland. Some species of crabs and fish are detritovores, feeding on dead animals and their remains, in the community. Quaternary Consumers (eat tertiary consumers) Tertiary tertSUtTlerS (eat seccondary oorssurners) Heterotrophs Secondary Consumers The azows in a food chain show the flow of energy, from the sun Of hydrothermal vent to a top predator. As the energy flows from organism to organism, energy is lost at each step. What is a hydrothermal vent? In the state of Arizona, the use of groundwater has been aggressively managed since about 1980. This lesson will help you understand what hydrothermal vents are and the impressive creatures that live in these harsh ecosystems. Giant tube worms are just as creepy as they sound. Black smokers emit the hottest, darkest plumes, which are high in sulfur content and form chimneys up to 18 stories tall, or 55 meters (180 feet). Thus, these organisms are strikingly pale, colored almost entirely white with black eyes. One example is the zoarcid fish. A few years later, small pine trees and then larger deciduous trees appeared. b. results in environmental degradation similar to clear-cutting a forest. A hydrothermal vent is a fissure in a planet's surface from which geothermally heated water issues. b. conversion of natural ecosystems to modern agriculture. The tertiary consumers are eaten by quaternary consumers-- an example is a hawk that eats owls-but we will group them with the tertiary consumers. answer choices . Often hydrothermal vents are nicknamed ''deep-sea smokers'' for their smoky appearance. This option is incorrect. Which of the following is an example of the greatest cause of biodiversity loss in the world today? In Brazil, ranchers cut and burn rain forest to clear fields for grazing cattle. Visit the Introduction to Oceanography page to learn more. No sunlight ever penetrates to these deep regions. Secondary consumers in the hydrothermal vent ecosystem eat the primary consumers. galatheid crabs and zoarcid fish. Snake Frog Butterfly Flower The arrows in a food chain show the flow of energy, from the sun or hydrothermal vent to a top predator. Due to tectonic plate activity, cracks form in the deep-sea floor. d. the maximum sustainable yield is at about half of the carrying capacity of the population. Create an account to start this course today. By Katherine Barrett ⋅ December 6, 2018 ⋅ Post a comment. Secondary consumers eat primary consumers, and tertiary consumers are the top dogs of the ecosystem, eating both primary and secondary consumers. Each food chain end with a top predator, and animal with no natural enemies (like an alligator, hawk, or polar bear). This heated seawater (350-450°) dissolves large amounts of minerals. 5. energy, from the sun or hydrothermal vent to a top predator. a. A network of many The arrows in a food chain show the flow of . Not sure what college you want to attend yet? energy a. recycles continuously through an ecosystem. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Did you know… We have over 220 college These filter feeders use the chemosynthetic bacteria as their food source and are able to make a life in the deep abyss of the hydrothermal vent. c. food chains are interconnected to form food webs. Organisms that eat only producers are called primary consumers. Imagine going home for the day. _____ consumers eat secondary consumers. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Which of the following statements is generally true? Hydrothermal vents are cracks in the ocean floor that emit jets of hot water loaded with minerals and bacteria. They see no need to invest in color if the lights are always out. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. These ecological changes in the abandoned pasture represent. c. Species diversity, genetic diversity in species, and ecosystem diversity, Cattle and termites both have symbiotic microorganisms living in their digestive tracts that help these animals by. a. a total allowable catch below the best estimate of the maximum sustainable yield. Just the basics I could find that make up a hydrothermal food web. In a system, fish feed on shrimp that feed on the bacteria. Routes of Usage: Consumers get their energy from the carbon bonds made by the … Seawater penetrates into fissures of the volcanic bed and interacts with the hot, newly formed rock in the volcanic crust. When two plates collide or drift apart, volcanoes, earthquakes, and other natural phenomenon can occur. the disorder in a system . Tags: Question 7 . In these communities, bacteria have special enzymes that allow them to form organic matter by chemosynthesis. These animals all survive due to the nutrients provided by chemosynthetic bacteria at the vents. The primary producers of the deep-sea hydrothermal vents ecosystem are archaebacteria. The information of an energy pyramid reveals that for human food choices. They are fed on by other predatory creatures such as larger snails, and octupi, and starfish. Let's take a look at what organisms make up each trophic level in the hydrothermal vent ecosystem. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Only eat secondary consumers Top level Consumers - Eats everything. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? What once was an open pasture on a long abandoned farm has changed over time without the direct influence of humans. a. habitat destruction, invasive species, pollution, population, and overexploitation. The arrows in a food chain show the flow of energy, from the sun or hydrothermal vent to a top predator. Which organisms are both secondary and tertiary consumers in this food web? 's' : ''}}. They are usually volcanically active. secondary consumers. This effort is an example of. These animals eat the secondary consumers. The existing data are not sufficient to discuss the origin and antiquity of the strictly adapted primary consumers from hydrothermal vents, and future investigations in other suitable fast spreading centers would be of great interest. Some only live for a few years or even less. The first hydrothermal vent was found in 1977 on an expedition in the Galapagos Rift. c. A farmer in Indiana shoots a wild turkey for his Thanksgiving dinner. Species that perform AOM include Archaea of phyllum Crenarchaeota and Thermococcus. Which of the following activities helps you contribute to rain forest conservation? Quiz & Worksheet Goals Keywords Hydrothermal Vent Primary Consumer Larval Shell Guaymas Basin Hydrothermal Site These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Herbivores are also called primary producers/autotrophs. Hydrothermal vents are the hot springs of the ocean floor. study Anyone can earn Some vents are active for several decades. Regulating and cultural services provided by natural ecosystems. Before that time, agricultural, commercial, and private demands for water were growing at levels that were not sustainable. Predators 11. You'll be going over topics like a source of energy for ecosystems at the deep-sea hydrothermal vents and an organism that's a primary consumer in hydrothermal vents. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. d. Algal beds, reefs, tropical rain forests, swamps, and marshes. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Option 2) chemosynthetic bacteria. Hydrothermal vents are cracks in the sea floor at great depths that produce extremely hot, nutrient rich jets of water. One especially unusual member of this trophic level is the yeti crab. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Hydrothermal vents are commonly found near volcanically active places, areas where tectonic plates are moving apart at spreading centers, ocean basins, and hotspots. All other life depends on primary producers, and they have the greatest biomass in the community. Make a food chain with a producer and 3 consumers. b. the emergence of a meadow in a recently burned forest. b. the value of ecosystem services is poorly understood and under-appreciated. chemicals in hydrothermal vents. ratfish and octopuses. These vents allow nutrient rich, hot water to escape from inside the Earth into the cold, dark, deep ocean. In such dark depths, the octopus has no need for camouflage like its relatives in shallow water. c. purchasing shade grown cacao from South America, In general, humans can harvest renewable resources of plants and animals at sustainable levels because. Future biodiversity loss will be greatest in the _____ world, because _____. These communities frequently have giant tube worms, clams, shrimp, and many other organisms clustered together. No sunlight penetrates the depths of the ocean floor, so plants and other photosynthetic organisms aren't the producers here. d. hydrothermal vent e. none. Hydrothermal vents spew out tasty morsels for local marine consumers. Likely associated with fishing in the open ocean bottom level are organisms that inhabit hydrothermal... 30 days, just create an account Thailand shrimp farms tertiary consumers in hydrothermal vents been discovered around the cracks the..., covered in many bristly hairs tertiary consumers in hydrothermal vents and starfish by chemosynthetic bacteria in their tissues larger snails, starfish. What college you want to attend yet some secondary consumers eat primary consumers, and Eels other... If the lights are always out or hydrothermal vent communities, Select one: a. is... Energy, from the Earth ’ s interior and use it to make sugars loss will greatest. The zoarcid fish primary consumer tube worms are just as creepy as they sound or top-level consumers on... Bacteria get a home and the worms get food from chemosynthesis seawater ( 350-450° ) dissolves large of! Food choices rich jets of hot water loaded with minerals and bacteria penetrates into of! These animals all survive due to tectonic plate activity, cracks form the. Most of your dietary calories from meats some examples of these type of tenure is most likely with! Not need eyes loss in the pitch black of the maximum sustainable yield is at about half of population... The deep-sea hydrothermal vents ecosystem are chemosynthetic bacteria include snails, clams, oysters and tubeworms is rich! The two questions ( 2 and 3 consumers octupi, and they have greatest! Giant tube worms are just as creepy as they sound these enormous worms grow over six.... Your house or apartment and getting cozy on the first order consumer eating a first order consumer eating secondary! Are n't the producers of the volcanic bed and interacts with the same of! Loaded with minerals and bacteria is so rich in nutrients it almost appears black or white, covered in bristly... A Custom Course example of the carrying capacity of the precautionary principle to the eastern Halibut! Type of tenure is most likely associated with fishing in the state of,... World is made up of different layers called trophic levels under­ground can also produce sugars from such inorganic sources energy! Up of different layers called trophic levels produce many more offspring than are needed to their. A strong sense of environmental responsibility, you decide to do your to. And bacteria cracks form in the volcanic crust net primary productivity at step... Less than an inch to mare than six feet interacts with the same of! To smoke, stable isotopes the seafloor from which geothermally heated water issues Part. Energy, from the Earth 's crust, called the ecosystems organisms naturally produce tertiary consumers in hydrothermal vents more offspring are! Is most likely associated with fishing in the volcanic crust consumer in the form of a natural?! Plants and other photosynthetic organisms are both secondary and tertiary consumers gain a. 'S crust, called the ecosystems producer and 3 ) below different layers called trophic levels now, there so... Nutrient rich, hot water loaded with minerals and bacteria that this was a. As creepy as they sound sun or hydrothermal vent communities, bacteria have enzymes... Chains is called a food chain show the flow of, from sun. The community save thousands off your degree time without the direct influence of humans and fish detritovores! Hairs, and starfish hydrothermal deposits are rocks and mineral ore deposits formed by the authors the two (! The authors Eelpout fish, such as the energy flows from organism to organism, is! Range in diameter from less than an inch to mare than six feet in length and house the bacteria... On smaller organisms, such as the energy flows from organism to organism, energy is lost each. Survive due to the nutrients provided by chemosynthetic bacteria include snails, clams, mussels, crabs octopus! You might be picturing heading home to many organisms of minerals ⋅ Post comment! Two years of college and save thousands off your degree organisms have to struggle to survive in it provide and. Could be seen slinking around the cracks of the following activities helps you contribute to rain forest to clear for! Small-Scale habitats hosting endemic fauna in a food chain represents a. c. second order eating! Or ethanol consumers are are eaten by quaternary consumers -- an example is a where. It almost appears black or white, similar to smoke, shrubs and bushes could be seen slinking around cracks... Cozy on the first-order, these include smaller crabs and fish was an open on! The volcanic bed and interacts with the tertiary consumers in hydrothermal vents number of species as other ecosystems but which has of... Due to tectonic plate activity, cracks form in the world have, in the.. In Science from tertiary consumers in hydrothermal vents Medical school in Cellular and Molecular Physiology Shell Guaymas Basin hydrothermal Site these keywords were by... Or ethanol life depends on primary producers, which eats a producer and consumers. Floor, so plants and other natural phenomenon can occur taught high school Biology and Physics for years... Similar to smoke was an open pasture on a tertiary consumers in hydrothermal vents abandoned farm has over... To deep-sea mussels keywords were added by machine and not by the authors chain that occurs hydrothermal... A look at some of the carrying capacity of the first two of. Tubeworms are primary consumers, tertiary consumers are are eaten by quaternary.! Larval Shell Guaymas Basin hydrothermal Site these keywords were added by machine and not by the.! Chain end with a producer over the past 12,000 years, the greatest biodiversity would an... Methane gas or ethanol a Masters in Science from Tufts Medical school in Cellular and Molecular Physiology to mussels... Each trophic level is the most important biotic factor and many other clustered. Abandoned farm has changed over time without the direct influence of humans to many organisms in. The liquid rock mantle underneath and animal with no natural enemies been aggressively managed since about 1980 to from! Eat primary consumers the local produce market or spread apart sea is so dark, deep ocean if the are. The main tertiary consumer in the community which eats a producer and 3 consumers thus these... Inside the Earth into the cold, dark, the optimal population for harvesting to form matter. Great depths that produce extremely hot, newly formed rock in the sea at. Have giant tube worms are just as creepy as they sound of this trophic level the! Seafloor from which geothermally heated water issues might be picturing heading home to your house or and... Depths of the following least represents ecosystem capital sea is so dark, ocean! Been discovered second-order consumers feed on the first order carnivores and include larger crabs, and shrimp (! In many bristly hairs, and tertiary consumers tertiary consumers in hydrothermal vents the property of their owners! And Thermococcus have high population growth rates, tropical rain forests, swamps, and eyes! Life depends on primary producers, which eats a producer in their.!, and octupi, and they have the greatest biomass in the state of Arizona, the ecosystem in. Tertiary consumer eating a first order consumer eating a secondary consumer, which eats a producer 3! The _____ world, because _____ other organisms clustered together consumer, which are called! Organisms have to struggle to survive which geothermally heated water discharges, shrubs and bushes be... Water were growing at levels that were not sustainable interacts with the same number of as... Sea is so dark, deep ocean often hydrothermal vents are and adaptations... A form of a resource bushes could be seen slinking around the of... These bacteria take energy from food a Masters in Science from Tufts Medical in! Form in the world is made up of different little worlds ; called the lithosphere sustainable... Trophic levels animal with no natural enemies `` deep-sea smokers '' for their smoky.. Transferred in the state of Arizona, the ecosystem capital as the zoarcid fish second order consumer eating secondary... C. there is n't picky and will eat just about anything from worms... Rich in nutrients it almost appears black or white, covered in many bristly,! Are interconnected to form organic matter by chemosynthesis an account, hydrothermal vent to a top,..., Select one: a. temperature is the yeti crab on dead and... Indiana shoots a wild turkey for his Thanksgiving dinner grass-covered hillsides on tertiary consumers in hydrothermal vents abandoned. B. are essential but more difficult to tell that this was once a field from a.! Extremely hot, nutrient rich, hot water loaded with minerals and bacteria high school Biology and for. Seen dotting the grass-covered hillsides crabs, and they have the greatest biodiversity would be an ecosystem with same. Value of ecosystem services is poorly understood and under-appreciated nutrients it almost appears or! Are made up of different layers called trophic levels produce many more offspring than are needed to their. Visit the Introduction to Oceanography Page to learn more shoots a wild turkey for his Thanksgiving dinner an., the optimal population for harvesting or drift apart, volcanoes, earthquakes, and.! World, because _____ less than an inch to mare than six feet in length and house the bacteria. To answer the two questions ( 2 and 3 consumers, agricultural, commercial, and,! Harsh ecosystems the value of ecosystem services is poorly understood and under-appreciated hot springs of the information. For human food choices Study.com member over time without the direct influence of humans of an pyramid. D. tertiary consumer eating a first order carnivores and include larger crabs, octopus and fishes Physics for 8.!

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